Bone grafting is a commonly performed dental procedure by dentists around the world to repair or restore jawbone. This may be necessary when one tooth has been lost or extracted and there are no longer enough jawbone fragments to support other teeth or dental implants. In this article, we'll explain what bone grafting is, why it's needed, what happens if you don't do it, how it's done, what recovery looks like for those who receive it, and more.
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Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that involves inserting artificial bone material into the jawbone in an effort to replace lost bone due to injury, disease or dental work. The procedure helps stimulate new bone growth around the area and provides stability for dental implant placement or other restorative procedures.
Bone grafting is often recommended when a tooth is lost or extracted and the jawbone begins to resorb or shrink. Left untreated, this could result in a loss of bone density which affects its structure. If left untreated, surrounding teeth may shift out of place too, affecting the patient's bite and potentially leading to additional dental issues.
Bone grafting is often prescribed for patients who have suffered significant bone loss due to periodontitis, a severe gum disease that can cause tooth loss and damage. It may also be done to repair damage caused by injuries or trauma.
If bone grafting is delayed when necessary, patients may experience a range of consequences, such as:
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